Selasa, 28 Oktober 2014

Tangkuban Perahu

Tangkuban Perahu (spelt Tangkuban Parahu in the neighborhood Sundanese vernacular) is a torpid spring of gushing lava 30 km north of the city of Bandung, the commonplace capital of West Java, Indonesia. It last ejected in 1826, 1829, 1842, 1846, 1896, 1910, 1926, 1929, 1952, 1957, 1961, 1965, 1967, 1969, 1983. It is a well known vacation spot where voyagers can climb or ride to the edge of the pit to view the heated water springs and bubbling mud up close, and purchase eggs cooked on the hot surface. This stratovolcano is on the island of Java and last emitted in 1983. Together with Mount Burangrang and Bukit Tunggul, those are remainders of the aged Mount Sunda after the plinian emission brought on the Caldera to fall. Read another nice artcles about Tempat Wisata Alam dan Bangunan Bersejarah di Jawa Barat

In April 2005 the Directorate of Volcanology and Geological Hazard Mitigation raised an alarm, denying guests from going up the spring of gushing lava. "Sensors on the inclines of the two mountains - Anak Krakatoa on the southern tip of Sumatra Island and Tangkuban Perahu in Java - got an increment in volcanic action and a development of gasses, said government volcanologist Syamsul Rizal."

Eruptive History

A study led in 2001 established that Tangkuban Perahu has emitted no less than 30 times in the past 40,750 years. Investigations of the tephra layers inside 3 km of the cavity uncovered that twenty one were minor emissions and the staying nine were significant ejections. The emissions that happened preceding give or take 10,000 years prior were magmatic/phreatomagmatic. The ejections that happened following 10,000 years prior were phreatic." The fountain of liquid magma ejected as of late as October 5, 2013.


Fundamental article: Sangkuriang

The greatest pit, Kawah Ratu or Queen's Crater of Mount Tangkuban Perahu, Bandung, West Java.

The name makes an interpretation of generally to "upturning of (a) pontoon" or "upturned vessel" in Sundanese, alluding to the nearby legend of its creation. The story recounts "Dayang Sumbi", an excellence who existed in West Java. She cast away her child "Sangkuriang" for insubordination, and in her trouble was allowed the force of interminable youth by the divine beings. After numerous years estranged abroad, Sangkuriang chose to come back to his home, long after the two had overlooked and neglected to perceive one another. Sangkuriang experienced passionate feelings for Dayang Sumbi and wanted to wed her, just for Dayang Sumbi to perceive his pigmentation pretty much as he was going to make a go at chasing. Keeping in mind the end goal to keep the marriage from occurring, Dayang Sumbi asked Sangkuriang to assemble a dam on the waterway Citarum and to fabricate a huge pontoon to cross the stream, both before the dawn. Sangkuriang contemplated and summoned legendary monstrosity like animals -buto ijo or green giant(s)- to do his offering. Dayang Sumbi saw that the assignments were just about finished and approached her specialists to spread red silk fabrics east of the city, to give the impression of looming dawn. Sangkuriang was tricked, and after accepting that he had fizzled, kicked the dam and the unfinished pontoon, bringing about extreme flooding and the formation of Tangkuban Perahu from the structure of the vessel.

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